Threat Landscape is CHANGING!
A well-crafted e-mail with the subject line "2011 Recruitment Plan" tricked an RSA employee to retrieve from a junk-mail folder and open a message containing a virus that led to a sophisticated attack on the company's information systems.
An Excel spreadsheet attached to the e-mail contained a zero-day exploit that led to the installation of a backdoor virus, exploiting an Adobe Flash vulnerability, which Adobe has since patched, writes Uri Rivner, head of new technologies, identity protection and verification at RSA, in a blog posted Friday.
RSA unveiled on March 17 that an attacker targeted its SecurID two-factor authentication product in what it termed an advanced persistent threat breach. An APT refers to sophisticated and clandestine means to gain continual, persistent intelligence on a group such as a nation or corporation. Rivner's blog is the first substantial public comment on the breach since Coviello's statement.
The exploit injected malicious code into the employee's PC, allowing full access into the machine. The attacker installed a customized variant of a remote administration tool known as Poison Ivy, which has been used in APT attacks against other companies. Such tools set up a reverse-connect model, which pulls commands from the central command and control servers, then execute the commands, rather than getting commands remotely, making them harder to detect.
The attacker gained access to staging servers at key aggregation points to prepare for extraction. Next, the attacker accessed servers of interest, moving data to internal staging servers to be aggregated, compressed and encrypted for extraction. Then, the attacker used file transfer protocol to transfer many password protected RAR files from the RSA file server to an outside staging server at an external, compromised machine at a hosting provider. The files were subsequently pulled by the attacker and removed from the external compromised host to remove any traces of the attack.
APT is characterized as a new attack doctrine built to evade existing perimeter and endpoint defenses, and analogized an APT attack to stealth jet fighters that circumvent radar.